Evaluation of Different Modelling Methods Used for Erosion Prediction




In this paper, the three methods of modeling erosion in pipe components due to sand production with oil and gas are investigated by the mean of comparison of results obtained from Salama model, DIM model, and DPM model, the three models selected to represent empirical, semi-empirical, and CFD methods, respectively. The DPM model was assumed as a benchmark based on which Salama model and DIM model were investigated. The results obtained from the DIM model agree fairly with those obtained from the DPM model whereas Salama model highly overestimates the DPM model. Based on the comparison, Salama model was modified to increase its accuracy, from one hand, and to extend it to application to oil, from the other hand.


  • Ahlert, K. (1995). The effects of particle impingement angle and surface wetting on solid particle erosion on AISI 1018 steel, U of Tulsa. M Sc.
  • Barton, N. A. (2003). Erosion in Elbows in hydrocarbon production systems: Review document.
  • Carlson, J., Curley, D., King, G., Price-Smith, C. and Waters, F. (October 1992). Sand control: why and how?
  • Chen, X., Mclaury, B. S. and Shirazi, S. A. (2006). "Numerical and experimental investigation of the relative erosion severity between plugged tees and elbows in dilute gas/solid two-phase flow." Wear 261: 715 729.
  • Colwart, G., Burton, R. C., Eaton, L. F. and Hodge, R. M. (2007). Lessons Learned on Sand-Control Failure and Subsequent Workover at Magnolia Deepwater Development. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference, Amsterdam.
  • Deng, T., Chaudhry, A. R., Patel, M., Hutchings, I. and Bradley, M. S. A. (2005). "Effect of particle concentration on erosion rate of mild steel bends in a pneumatic conveyor." Wear 258: 480-487.
  • Finnie, I. (1972). "Some observations on the erosion of ductile materials." Wear 19.
  • Haugen, K., Kvernvold, O., Ronold, A. and Sandberg, R. (1995). "Sand erosion of wear-resistant meterials: erosion in choke valves." Wear Cambridge, UK: 186-187.
  • Institiute, A. P. (1991). API RP 14 E Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production Platform Piping Systems. Washington DC, American Petroleum Institiute: p. 22.
  • Karelin, C. G. D. A. V. Y. (2002). Abrasive erosion and corrosion for hydraulic machinary Vol 2, Imprial college press.
  • Mazur, Z., Campos-Amezcua, R. and G. Urquiza-Beltr an, A. G.-G. (2004). "Numerical 3D simulation of the erosion due to solid particle impact in the main stop valve of a steam turbine." Applied Thermal Engineering 24: 18771891.
  • Mclaury, B. S. (1996). Predicting Solid Particle Erosion Resulting from Turbulent Fluctuations in Oilfield Geometries, University of Tulsa. PhD Thesis.
  • Salama, M. M. and Venkatesh, E. S. (1983). Evaluation of Erosional Velocity Limitations in Offshore Gas Wells OTC 15th Annual OTC. Houston, Texas.
  • Sommerfeld, M. (1992). " Modelling of particle-wall collisions in confined gas-particle flows " Int. J. Multiphase Flow 18, 6: 905-926.
  • Tian, B. (2007). mechanistic understanding and effective prevention of erosion-corrosion of hydrotransport pipes in oil sand slurries, U of Calgary. M Sc.